(Chicago) – A new study, expanding on earlier research, reports that a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil and nuts reduced the risk of heart attack, stroke among high risk groups.
According to Medical News Today, researchers working on the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterranea) trial in Spain write about their findings in the February 25, 2013 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.
Here’s an excerpt:
“People who follow a traditional Mediterranean diet have high intakes of olive oil, fruit, nuts, vegetables, and cereals, moderate intakes of fish and poultry, and low intakes of red and processed meats, dairy foods and sweets. They also drink wine in moderation, and only with meals.
To single out the effect of a particular diet on the outcomes, the PREDIMED team randomly assigned 7,447 participants with high cardiovascular risk to follow one of three diets: a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts, or a standard low-fat diet (the control), for five years, starting in October 2003.
43% of the participants were men, who were aged between 55 and 80 and, 57% were women between 60 and 80. None had cardiovascular disease when they enrolled in the study, but they did have high cardiovascular risks, either in the form of type 2 diabetes or at least three from a list of well-known major risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, and family history of heart disease.”